Yorkshire Terriers are one of the most popular breeds of dogs in The United States, Canada and Great Britain. Just one look at one and you know why. These cute and tiny companions, like most other terriers were not initially destined to be household pets.
Yorkshire Terriers, commonly known as Yorkies, came from Yorkshire in Northern England during the 19th century. The Industrial Revolution sent many agricultural workers to Yorkshire to work in the coal mines. They brought with them various kinds of Terriers - such as Skye and Clydesdale- to catch rats that infested the mines. They were then bred with local long haired Terriers to produce Yorkies. At first they were much larger than they are now.
Over time, people bred the smallest of the Yorkies until they gradually decreased in size. The first Yorkie that appeared as they do today made its appearance in a dog show in 1870. Yorkshire Terriers have a long and silky coat of fur, with no undercoat. Thus, they seldom shed. When they're born, their fur is black and tan. When they mature, the black usually becomes more of a blue-gray color.
By standard, Yorkies have human-like hair that's very soft and smooth to the touch. Yorkshire Terriers have flat heads and their snouts extend a medium-sized length. They have tiny black noses and their teeth are generally leveled, with no over or under-bite. They have v-shaped ears that stand erect on the top of their heads which causes them to look constantly alert. Yorkies weigh no more than seven to eight pounds and they're normally a mere six to seven inches in height.
Like many purebred dogs, Yorkies are prone to some genetic disorders such as Distichiasis (eyelash that arises abnormally on eyelid), Hydrocephalus (water in the brain), Legg-Perthes disease (degenerative disease of hip joint), and bladder stones. Some other common health problems that Yorkies get include Bronchitis, Hepatic Lipidosis (fatty liver), and cataracts. Oftentimes, they're prone to early tooth decay as well.
To avoid dental issues, you might want to consider feeding your Yorkshire Terriers dry food and definitely clean their teeth regularly. Although it's rare, they may suffer from paralysis due to herniated disks or other spinal problems. Tiny Teacup Yorkies are more likely to exhibit these problems. Despite their small size, Yorkies are adventurous and mischievous. They're energetic, clever, loyal, but nervous. While they're affectionate to their owners, they are especially nervous with strangers.
At times they may be stubborn but they are very trainable dogs. They do demand a lot of attention, though. Although small, Yorkshire Terriers make great watch dogs. They may snap if they get frightened or surprised but otherwise they are sweet and loving. Yorkies are yappy but they are intelligent dogs and can be taught not to bark! Yorkies are active dogs but they do not require a big yard.
They are very active indoor animals. They still, however, like all dogs, need to be walked regularly in order to avoid behavioral problems. They are good with people in general and they prefer mature children to little kids. Yorkies are loyal and wonderful dogs to have as a pet.
Hans is the owner of http://www.lucysdoghouse.net and is a life long dog owner. Lucy's Dog House has dog carriers and much more to make your dog's life happier and healthier. At Lucy's Dog House, a percentage of all sales go to support dog rescues.